Energy Dialogue with RSN
Transforming Transportation with Electric Vehicles
02 MAR 2022 AUTHOR: KHYATI TONGIA (Government New Law College, Indore)
Keywords: Electricity, Vehicles, Mobility, Renewable, Infrastructure

Mobility is the essence of living. One cannot survive by staying at one single place and has to move out, be it for work or to buy groceries or for a sabbatical break. Almost all modes of transportation except for walking, running, jogging, and cycling use non-renewable resources of crude oil causing pollution and harm to the ecosystem at large. With the population growing, the needs growing along with the desire to have own mode of transportation, the dependence on ever depleting non-renewable resources of crude oil will be rising. To reduce this dependency the concept of transformation of transportation from non-renewable to renewable resources was brought into picture through the introduction of Electric Vehicles.

India being a signatory of COP21 Paris Summit is in process of fulfilling its commitment to take steps to reduce greenhouse emissions and promotion of adoption of Electric Vehicles is one of the steps undertaken by the government to achieve these commitments while promoting generation of power capacity from non-fossil fuel resources. Electric Vehicles have the potential to not only transform measures for a greener planet but also present the most viable alternative to mode of transportation to reduce carbon emissions.


Electric Vehicles as the name itself suggests are those vehicles which run on electricity instead of petrol or diesel. They have rechargeable batteries which can be charged by electricity from different sources just like getting cars fuelled from different pumps.

Right now, there are various types of EV's accessible. These include Pure Battery Electric Vehicles which totally runs-on power while the other type is the Plug for Hybrid Electric Vehicle which has battery as well as engine to run on both power as well as on fuel. The two sorts of these EV's are less polluting than the ordinary method of transport.


It is not a hidden fact that there is no 100% solution to bring pollution to an end, but what one can adapt are certain practices to reduce the same and this is where EV’s come into picture, which if adopted can do wonders.

Electric motors in electric vehicles (EVs) are fuelled by energy stored in batteries. An electric engine replaces the gas-powered motor in electric vehicles (ICE). Since, an EV runs on power, it delivers no tailpipe discharges and needs parts, for example, a fuel siphon, fuel line, or gas tank. EV's also emit energy, however the extent of outflow by such vehicles is way less in comparison to vehicles running on petroleum/diesel. EV's ride on power and in this manner, will uphold environmental sustainability by adjusting the energy interest.

EV's additionally increment energy security as they depend on different scope of fundamental energy hotspots for power generation. Promoting facilitated EV advancement and expanded electricity yield based on inexhaustible resources like air and sunlight can limit discharges by permitting EVs to charge by utilizing clear, sustainable power rather than using thermal power, coal power etc. Indeed, Electric vehicles provide huge benefactions in keeping the world poised to arrive at its common environment objectives. Further, Electric mobility has zero or super low tailpipe emanations of air contaminations and considerably lower commotion which will further increment monetary benefit by being one of the most sustainable in the auto business.

There are as of now charging stations introduced “NTPC/EESL/PGCIL/IOCL/BPCL/HPC” and many numerous private players coming in the scenario as well. By 2022, there is full intent on achieving the goal to 450 GW by 2030. Throughout the most recent couple of years, the nation's weighted normal emanation factor from the power grid has stayed consistent at “0.82 tCO2/MWh (starting at 2018-19).” The general emanations from the utilization of electric vehicles will drop as the quantity of renewables increments and the dependence on coal lessens A 30 per cent EV sales share in 2030 will lead to savings on crude petroleum imports worth INR 1.1 lakh crore (USD 14.1 billion). 30 per cent EV sales will further lead to INR 2.2 lakh crore (28.3 billion) of savings on crude oil imports. EVs convert more than 77% of the electrical energy from the framework to control at the wheels. Conventional vehicles just convert around 12%-30% of the energy to control at the wheels. Even though EVs radiate no tailpipe contaminations, yet the power plant creating the power might discharge them. Power from hydro-, sunlight based, or wind-controlled plants causes less or zero pollution.


Electricity being an energy resource that can be produced domestically, and with EV being seen as a game-changer for a better environment, the government is undertaking initiatives to promote the same. Accessibility of sufficient Charging Infrastructure is one of the critical prerequisites for speeding up the reception of electric vehicles in India. In this regard, Ministry of Power has issued “Charging Infrastructure for Electric Vehicles – Guidelines and Standards” mentioning the roles and responsibilities of various stakeholders at Central & State level, for expediting the development of public EV charging infrastructure across the country. Ministry of Power has designated Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) as the Central Nodal Agency (CNA) for the National-level rollout of charging foundation in the country. Indeed, even a Handbook of Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Implementation - Version I, has been sent off giving direction on EV charging and framework, interfacing EV's to power matrix and different models to be executed for EV charging.

The National Electric Mobility Mission Plan (NEMMP) 2020 is a National Mission archive giving the vision and the guide for the quicker reception of electric vehicles and their adoption in the country. As a feature of the NEMMP 2020, Department of Heavy Industry figured out a Scheme viz. Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles in India (FAME India) Scheme in the year 2015 to advance innovation in manufacturing of electric vehicle to guarantee its feasible development. This plan has additionally been extended till 31st March 2024 to advance impetuses, to expand creation, deals and the possibility of EV's.

The Indian budget announced this year shows solid help for electric portability through arranged EV framework and EV ecosystem. In addition to boosting charging infrastructure, the 2022 budget accommodates battery trading strategy, unique portability zones for EVs, approving structure bye regulations, clean tech out in public transport and much more. These projects signal the Indian government's role in developing the EV markets.

With India being a member in [email protected] Campaign alongside nations like Norway, Canada, Netherlands, France, Germany and so forth, which have defined the objective to accomplish 30% portion of EV's in 2030 with the essential goal to understand the benefits furnished with the guide of involving electric controlled versatility for advancement, monetary and business improvement, power security, and pollution reduction.


To diminish discharges and make significant commitments to keep the world poised to arrive at settled upon environment target, we really need to alter our current transportation outflows course, which requires the formation of an incorporated electro-portability biological system by electric vehicles. This is just the beginning, but with ends known the medium adopted is to be executed with best means with the support from all the stakeholders.